The most common type of heart surgery for adults is coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). During CABG, a healthy artery or vein from the body is connected, or grafted, to a blocked coronary (heart) artery. Doctors also use heart surgery to. Repair or replace heart valves, which control blood flow through the heart.
Cardiac surgery is a surgery on the heart and/or great vessels performed by cardiac surgeons. Frequently, it is done to treat complications of ischemic heart disease (for example, coronary artery bypass grafting), correct congenital heart disease, or treat valvular heart disease caused by various causes including endocarditis. It also includes heart transplantation.
Cardiac Surgery, today has evolved into a service which is in demand everywhere especially in India and the developing world. Operating on the most Central Organ of the body demands the best of Human Resources, Technical Skills, Equipment, and Team effort. There are no margins for error. World class cardiac centers in India have a mortality of less than 1% in uncomplicated Cardiac Surgery. The Cardiac Surgery has become a specialty in India with the latest technological advances and ethical management practices.
Complication risk reduction
A researcher found evidence that preoperative physical therapy reduced postoperative pulmonary complications in patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery such as pneumonia and atelectasis.In addition, the researchers found that preoperative physical therapy decreased the length of hospital stay (on average by more than three days).
There is also evidence that quitting smoking at least four weeks before the date of a surgery may reduce the risk of postoperative complications.
Additionally, investigators have identified that even simple maneuvers such as preventing chest tubes from clogging, which can result in retaine blood syndrome, post operative a trial fillibration, and infection, can reduce costs and complications in patients recovering from heart surgery.
Cardiothoracic surgeons operate on the heart, lungs and other organs in the chest. Coronary artery disease is one of the most common diseases treated. One of the best ways to reduce the chance of damage is to discover the problem early and begin treatment as soon as possible. Today’s advanced cardiac diagnostic and interventional capabilities are on your side.
Cardiovascular surgeons perform:
- Beating heart bypass surgery
- Valve repair and replacement
- Aortic aneurysms and dissections
- Benign and malignant pulmonary disease
- Minimally invasive surgery
Cardiovascular Surgeons operate on your heart and blood vessels to repair damage caused by diseases or disorders of the cardiovascular system.
Many times, a diagnosis of heart disease begins with your primary care doctor, who refers you to a cardiologist. If your Cardiologist decides that you need surgery, he or she refers you to a cardiovascular surgeon, who becomes a new member of your heart-health team. (Even after heart surgery, you remain under the care of your cardiologist.
Cardiovascular surgeons perform many different types of operations, including heart valve repair and replacement, heart defect repair, coronary artery bypass, aneurysm repair, trans myocardial laser re-vascularization, and heart transplantation. They also perform operations on the blood vessels in your body, including the aorta—the body’s main blood supplier.